Anthrax may wipe out chimpanzees; it is a widespread and persistent cause of death for rainforest mammals

Ape Monkey Animal - Anthrax may wipe out chimpanzees; it is a widespread and persistent cause of death for rainforest mammals
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Anthrax is an infection in animals seen in the skin, lungs, and intestines. It is caused by the bacteria called Bacillus anthracis, and it can affect humans.

ape monkey animal472531367 - Anthrax may wipe out chimpanzees; it is a widespread and persistent cause of death for rainforest mammals

While anthrax is more commonly reported in arid climates, recent studies show that tropical rainforest outbreaks may have severe consequences for local wildlife. Data and samples collected over three decades show that anthrax in rainforests is a persistent cause of death for various mammalian species. This pathogen will likely accelerate the extinction of chimpanzees. Bacillus cereus biovar anthracis (Bcbva), a variant of Bacillus anthracis, is a previously unknown type of anthrax bacterium which was found in dead chimpanzees in the rainforests of Taï National Park. This variant was discovered in 2004, and since then, has claimed the lives of scores of gorillas and elephants in Cameroon and the Central African Republic.

The study was conducted by scientists and researchers from the Robert Koch Institute (RKI), Max-Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, University of Glasgow and the Ivorian National Animal Health Institute. Their study involved the analysis of bone and tissue samples collected over 28 years from the mammal carcasses in the park. Carrion fly stomachs were examined and found to carry the anthrax pathogen, and provided clues as to what areas and what species could be affected.

According to the researchers, almost 40 percent of all animal deaths at the Taï National Park were attributed to anthrax. The pathogen was found in several monkey species, duikers, mongoose, and a porcupine. Of the chimpanzee carcasses examined, 31 out of 55 were found to die from the disease. Based on the rate of deaths, this rainforest anthrax could be the cause of extinction for the species in the Taï National Park within 150 years. The pathogen is particularly active in the park, and scientists are currently trying to determine what causes its activity and how the animals became affected. Typical anthrax was known to be a threat only to animals in dry plains, since the bacterium is found in soil. Chimpanzees spend most of their time on trees, so a plausible vector would be carrion flies spreading the pathogen.

So far, no human infections have been reported in relation to Bcbva. Researchers state that there is no cause for alarm, as this strain does not seem to be a threat. If detected early, this form of anthrax can be treated with antibiotics. There have been reports of people dying after consuming dead animals they found in the forest; however, these have not been linked to anthrax.

Fast facts on anthrax

  • Anthrax can be contracted through the dermal, gastrointestinal and inhalation routes of exposure. It can also be contracted through injected drugs.
  • This life-threatening infectious disease can be treated with antibiotics such as penicillin, tetracycline, erythromycin, and ciprofloxacin.
  • The greatest threat of anthrax was in 2001 (known as the Amerithrax), which was a bioterrorist attack where anthrax spores were spread through the postal system.
  • The most recent anthrax outbreak was in 2016 in Siberia, Russia. Authorities believed that melting permafrost revealed a reindeer that died of anthrax, causing the release of its spores which made 13 Siberian people sick and killed 2,000 reindeer.
  • Anthrax cannot be contracted from person to person.

Sources include:

Nature.com

ScienceDaily.com

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My grandmother was a herbalist. She taught me how to mix herbs to cure ailments. I grew up with her from the age of 15 years old. I was going to school  and at the same time returned to her shop of herbs learning different kinds of mixture of herbs and also their names. I have been involved in herbal mixture and I also used it to cure a lot of people who orthodox medicine could not cure even though a lot of people have abused herbal medicine. Selling herbal mixture, popularly called agbo, has also been a great source of income to me and my family. Why I Started This Home Remedies Blog As an educated herbalist , i have been into these work for some years now which  I have help so many peoples. One good-day  i thought about people who are not benefit from these like those outside the Nigeria or peoples who are shame  to seek for a herbalist. Then i decides to create a website so as they can contact me and i would gladly help them. I began this blog in 2017 out of a desire to share my passion for herbs and natural living with others. Above all, am a Muslim and am thankful for the daily love and grace Allah bestows me. I’m glad you’ve visited me here at my home on the web and hope you will join me as I continue down the road to healthier living and my mission to help peoples across the nation! Let’s Connect I would love to connect with you!  Feel free to subscribe to receive free regular post updates in your inbox!  Also, you can find me on facebook, twitter,

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