Anemia, although sounds to be a simple disease, could at times, get fatal. Anemia is termed to be among the larger, UN-diagnosed issues faced today. It makes the person feel fatigued, draggy and worn out all the time. Hence, it is very much important for identifying cases of Anemia so as to avail proper treatment and get rid of it completely.
What Is Anemia?
Anemia is a decrease in the total amount of red blood cells (RBCs) or hemoglobin in the blood,or a lowered ability of the blood to carry oxygen. When anemia comes on slowly, the symptoms are often vague and may include feeling tired, weakness, shortness of breath or a poor ability to exercise.
Anemia that comes on quickly often has greater symptoms, which may include confusion, feeling like one is going to pass out, loss of consciousness, or increased thirst.
Anemia must be significant before a person becomes noticeably pale. Additional symptoms may occur depending on the underlying cause.
Causes Of Anemia
Anemia occurs when your blood doesn’t have enough red blood cells. This can happen if:
- Your body doesn’t make enough red blood cells
- Bleeding causes you to lose red blood cells more quickly than they can be replaced
- Your body destroys red blood cells
What red blood cells do
Your body makes three types of blood cells — white blood cells to fight infection, platelets to help your blood clot and red blood cells to carry oxygen throughout your body.
Red blood cells contain hemoglobin — an iron-rich protein that gives blood its red color. Hemoglobin enables red blood cells to carry oxygen from your lungs to all parts of your body and to carry carbon dioxide from other parts of the body to your lungs so that it can be exhaled.
Most blood cells, including red blood cells, are produced regularly in your bone marrow — a spongy material found within the cavities of many of your large bones. To produce hemoglobin and red blood cells, your body needs iron, vitamin B-12, folate and other nutrients from the foods you eat.
Different types of anemia and their causes include:
- Iron Deficiency Anemia This is the most common type of anemia worldwide. Iron deficiency anemia is caused by a shortage of iron in your body. Your bone marrow needs iron to make hemoglobin. Without adequate iron, your body can’t produce enough hemoglobin for red blood cells.Without iron supplementation, this type of anemia occurs in many pregnant women. It is also caused by blood loss, such as from heavy menstrual bleeding, an ulcer, cancer and regular use of some over-the-counter pain relievers, especially aspirin.
- Vitamin Deficiency Anemia. In addition to iron, your body needs folate and vitamin B-12 to produce enough healthy red blood cells. A diet lacking in these and other key nutrients can cause decreased red blood cell production.Additionally, some people may consume enough B-12, but their bodies aren’t able to process the vitamin. This can lead to vitamin deficiency anemia, also known as pernicious anemia.
- Anemia of Chronic Disease. Certain diseases — such as cancer, HIV/AIDS, rheumatoid arthritis, kidney disease, Crohn’s disease and other chronic inflammatory diseases — can interfere with the production of red blood cells.
- Aplastic Anemia. This rare, life-threatening anemia occurs when your body doesn’t produce enough red blood cells. Causes of aplastic anemia include infections, certain medicines, autoimmune diseases and exposure to toxic chemicals.
- Anemias Associated With Bone Marrow Disease: A variety of diseases, such as leukemia and myelofibrosis, can cause anemia by affecting blood production in your bone marrow. The effects of these types of cancer and cancer-like disorders vary from mild to life-threatening.
- Hemolytic Anemias. This group of anemias develops when red blood cells are destroyed faster than bone marrow c:n replace them. Certain blood diseases increase red blood cell destruction. You can inherit a hemolytic anemia, or you can develop it later in life.
- Sickle Cell Anemia: This inherited and sometimes serious condition is an inherited hemolytic anemia. It’s caused by a defective form of hemoglobin that forces red blood cells to assume an abnormal crescent (sickle) shape. These irregular blood cells die prematurely, resulting in a chronic shortage of red blood cells.
- Other Anemias: There are several other forms of anemia, such as thalassemia and malarial anemia.
Symptoms of Anemia
The anemic symptoms though vague could be observed subtly as the following:
- Fatigue because of insufficient supply of oxygen through the body
- Excessive restlessness, easy tiring of body
- Lack of focus and concentration
- Breathing difficulty
- Enhanced pulsed rate
People at any age could suffer from this disease, with more susceptible ones being:
- Elderly people
- Pregnant or menstruating women
Treatment Of Anemia
Anemia treatment can prove to be much tough that what it might seem to appear, especially with the reason being a body having a lack of sufficient amount of iron within. Therefore, treatment is to be done by keeping understanding the actual cause of this disease. However, in some of the acute cases, there could necessitate blood transfusions for saving the anemic patient. EPO might have to be injected into the bloodstream of the patient.
Some herbal Ayurvedic treatments have been found to provide relief to such patients, such as:
- Having cold water bath twice a day
- Practicing deep breath exercises about 10 minutes every day
- Professional massages for flushing out harmful toxins from the body
- Involving in vibrant exercises and practicing yoga
Availing The Best Natural Home Remedies For Anemia
There are several home remedies for anemia available that can help to cure and prevent Anemia from taking place again.
For curing anaemia, spinach of about half a cup is enough regularly. It is high on Vitamin B9, A, C and E, as well as calcium, fibre, beta-carotene and iron. Take spinach half a cup and boil it. This would have iron of about 3.2mg that is around 20% of the regular requirement for a woman. Therefore, one has to eat plenty of spinach after boiling them. The reason is that they have oxalic acid that might interfere in the iron absorption if not boiled properly. Its one of best home remedies for anemia.
- Spinach can be had as a salad along with other vegetables like broccoli, celery, watercress, kale, etc.
- Spinach about half cup is to be boiled with cup water for making soup. Favorite seasoning can be added to it for making it tasty and drink it twice a day.
- Have honey about 2 tsp to be added to spinach leaves juice, a glass and to drink it regularly for around forty days, to get better results.
Another great way to absorb iron in the body is to have plenty of tomatoes, as they are rich in lycopene and vitamin C. Its one of best home remedies for anemia.
- Drink tomato juice, a glass regularly.
- Eat raw tomatoes 1-2 every day. They can also be included in sandwiches, salad or eaten as it is.
3. Apple-Beetroot Juice
Apple is said to be high on healthy friendly components as well as iron, whereas, beet is rich in folic acid, potassium and fibre. Right under the peel is found its nutrient-rich part. Hence, one can cook beet in a microwave oven or have it roasted on the gas stove. Then its skin is to be peeled. At least two apples are to be consumed every day. On mixing both, chances to fight Anaemia tend to get doubled. Its one of best home remedies for anemia.
What is to be taken?
- 1 cup apple juice
- 1 cup beetroot juice
- 1-2 tsp Honey juice
How to prepare?
- Beetroot and apple juice are to be mixed together
- Honey added to it and the mixture stirred well and consumed twice a day.
4. Nothing is better then grapes in Anemia. Eat 250 gm grapes everyday.
5. Papaya increases digestion powder and blood so eat papaya fruit everyday.
6. Take half cup of amla juice and mix 2 table spoonful of honey in it. Consume this mixture everyday.
7. Carrot, spinach and tomato juice is very good for anemic patient.
8. Sesame seeds has lot of iron content so eating sesame seeds increases blood and prevent weakness.
Dates are considered to be wonderful sources for deriving iron. Dates of 100 g, comprises iron of about 0.90 mg. It assists the blood to have increased rate of haemoglobin. These are rich in minerals like manganese, calcium, magnesium and copper, the latter which is a must to produce red blood cells. Therefore, having them daily is sure to help take care of anaemia. Its one of best home remedies for anemia.
- Two dry dates to be soaked in a cup of milk overnight. They are to be eaten the next morning on an empty stomach and then drink the milk.
- They can be had as it is on an empty stomach every morning and then to drink milk, a cup for remaining energetic the whole day.
- 1 to 2 dates can be soaked for about 2 to 3 hours, in warm water cup and this water is to be drunk as it gets cooled down. People being lactose intolerant can find it to be a wonderful way to have dates.
10. Take half cup of onion juice and half cup of honey. Mix both well and consume. Do this everyday.
11. Pomegranate juice increases blood very fast. Take one glass of pomegranate juice everyday in the morning with empty stomach.
The above home remedies can help to increase iron content in the body and take care of Anemia issues and prevent it from happening in the future.